The founding of the watercolour movement was the culmination of the unique long term interactions between the mainly Western Arrernte people of the Ntaria area with the German Lutheran Mission community. Together they evolved into a relatively idiosyncratic isolated community over a period of more than fifty years after the original missionary arrival in 1877 of a small group with livestock.

> From Early Mission

> Modernising in the 1930s

> Foundation in the 1940s

> Consolidation in the 1950s

> Resurgence in the 1960s and 1970s